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 Hybrisstas - Poseidon or Zeus ?
 Tryphon - Head flask in the form of a smiling negro head
 Anonymous - Plaque in cameo glass : satyr holding out a bunch of grapes to the child Dionysus
 Anonymous - The Esquiline patera
 Anonymous - The Bacchus of the via del Babuino
 Petit Palais Painter 336 - Lekythoi with a bistre background
 Polykleitos (after) - Ephebe from the Fins d’Annecy
 Anonymous - Calyx-Krater : Herakles in the garden of the Hesperides
 Dutuit painter - Oinochoe with a trefoil-shaped mouth
 Colmar painter (decoration attributed to the) - Mule rhyton

Oinochoe with a trefoil-shaped mouth

Dutuit painter
Production : Athens
Circa 500-475 BC
Provenance : Capua
Ceramic with red figures
H. : 30 cm

The Dutuit painter retains links with black figure decoration. His gracious miniaturist style continues in red figures, perpetuating the tradition of the “Little Masters” who decorated cups with black figures. It is to this vase acquired by the collector Auguste Dutuit that the painter, whose identity is unknown, owes his nickname.

This scene expresses all the delicacy characteristic of his style, taken almost to the point of preciousness. The winged goddess Artemis is standing in right profile. She holds a bow and arrow in her left hand and with the tips of the fingers of her right hand she lightly strokes a young fawn which is facing her.

Her bare feet, indicating close contact with nature, contrast with her elegant finery – a delicately-embroidered tunic, a pendant necklace, bracelets and hair styled in a high bun with ringlets escaping from a broad draped headband or cecryphale. Over her left shoulder is a lidded quiver containing her arrows, held in place by a shoulder strap.

The smallness of the fawn and its huge ears betray its extreme youth. With trusting innocence it is lifting its muzzle to respond to the invitation of the goddess whose fingers encircle it without touching it. Fearless, it is completely in Artemis’ power, as is highlighted by the elements of the composition : the fawn’s hooves are almost touching the goddess, its long ears look as if they are trapped between the bow and its string and they exchange glances. The painter subtlety conveys the hold the goddess has over all forms of animal life. Her deadly bow is temporarily stilled and her arrow points skyward. Artemis will surround the fawn with her warmth and protection until it reaches maturity.

Yet Artemis has appeared as a winged deity since the archaic period in the guise of Mistress of the Animals (Potnia Therôn). She is always depicted full-face flanked to either side symmetrically by animals, often lions rampant, symbols of the absolute authority of the goddess and her power of life and death over all animals, both those which threaten human life and those which nourish it.

The Dutuit Painter’s vase has no other meaning. Beneath the apparent goodwill of the young Artemis, threatening implications can be clearly felt.

Inventory number: 
ADUT00327
Inventory number : ADUT00327
Acquisition details : Dutuit bequest, 1902
Room 34. The Greek World
The Classical World
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